The Order of Dental Surgeons was created in 1945, the day after a conflict that left France bloodless and deeply disintegrated the values ​​of a society to rebuild.

To reestablish the discipline, the honor of a profession, to restore to honor the probity and the devotion necessary to its exercise, to defend its independence, to oppose the powers of money, such were, wrote the President Eugène Saint Eve [ 1] in 1994, the first motivations behind the creation of the Order.

Dental ethics, of which the Order is the guarantor, is found in the code of ethics of dentists integrated into the Public Health Code (CSP). A collection of all the principles of dental surgery, it is at the heart of professional practice.

But since the introduction of the code, professional practice has gone from Serenity Smiles Dentist dentistry to oral medicine with its technical and technological evolutions. Human relationships have also changed between the patient and the practitioner where medical paternalism has given way to the contract of care in which the needs and expectations of patients and society towards the dental surgeons have evolved.

It is therefore not surprising to read under the pen of the President of the Council of the Order of Dentists Gabriel Oestreicher in 1997 [2]: Any period of strong change needs strong safeguards for everyone to grasp the necessary changes without to have the feeling of undergoing or being driven beyond one’s deep convictions. In this respect, the existence of a common “Bible” governing the relations of a social body is a genuine blessing. This is the case of our code of ethics, the foundation of our exercise and a bulwark against all abuses.

The deontology of dental surgeons must therefore adapt to changes, in this the President of the Council of the Order of Dentists Pierre Yves Mahé [3] wrote in 2003: the Order of Dentists is not intended to stand on any fixed situation whatsoever. It is ready to consider the necessary developments, as long as they do not conflict with its fundamental principles, foremost among which are our professional independence and our capacity.

If the College is willing to change, ethics and code should follow this change.

Thus, Christian Couzinou [4], current President of the National Council of the College of Dentists wrote in 2009: Grant new rights to liberal practitioners, employees and exercise companies and, at the same time, improve the provision of dental care in the territories. These are the major objectives that the Order set for itself two years ago by presenting a draft amendment to our code of ethics to the Ministry of Health.

Also, it appeared interesting through this article to question the relevance of the Code with regard to the changes of the society. In other words; is the ethics of dental surgeons always adapted to the practice of oral medicine?

Our study tries to answer this problematic by a deontological reflection which engages neither the Order nor the dental profession. It is not also a legal analysis, but a reflection on the practice of dental surgery through a reading of its code of ethics.

Should the ethics of dental surgeons evolve?